In this article, we'll show you how to use a Rectangular/Triangular pattern with the Point Grid feature that allows you to simulate traditional land survey methods virtually, enabling fast and easy creation of hundreds to thousands of points from your drone survey data.

One of the most common traditional land survey methods is to create a topo over an area that runs in parallel transects to capture the X, Y, and Z coordinates at set intervals, which are then used in your surface creation. The Point Grid feature works similarly by placing points in either a Rectangular or Triangular pattern, with a constant X and Y spacing between every point based on your input Grid Size, along with the Z elevation from the underlying drone data.

The final output of a Rectangular/Triangular Point Grid is a Multi-point item containing all of your points. You can find the Rectangular/Triangular Type as part of the Point Grid options within the HOME tab of Virtual Surveyor.

Quick Usage Guide

1. Create a Boundary around the area you wish to create a Point Grid and select it.
2. In the Home tab, navigate to the Point Grid section and choose Rectangular/Triangular in Type.
3. Set a Grid Size parameter.
4. Set an Azimuth direction (optional).
5. Click on the Point Grid button to start generating Rectangular/Triangular patterned points.
1. A progress bar displays in the bottom left of the software while points are created on your terrain.
6. The Rectangular/Triangular points display in the Viewport and are set as a Multi-point item.

Rectangular/Triangular Grid Feature Settings

• Type: Choose either Rectangular or Triangular to set the pattern that is used for your Point Grid.
• Grid Size: Sets the spacing of your grid type with every point having equidistance, based on the set grid size.
• The minimum grid size that can be created is 0.1m (10cm) or 0.3 ft.
• Azimuth: Sets the direction of the point grid pattern with 0° being true North, and increasing degrees rotating the direction from there clockwise.

Point Grid Examples

Triangular and Rectangular Point Grid Patterns

Both triangular and rectangular grid types place points with equal spacing in their respective patterns. In the images below, the triangular grid pattern is shown on the left with yellow points and the rectangular is on the right with white points.

Point Grid with Sections and Breaklines

Point grids are commonly used in combination with your other survey items (breaklines and boundaries) in your surface creation. In the images below, the left image is a rectangular point grid with breaklines and boundaries, and the right image is the surface created with all survey items included.

You can use the Point Grid features available in Virtual Surveyor, along with the Tips and Tricks, to optimize both the amount of detail for your surface and the size of your data set for use in CAD.

Tips and Tricks

• A common question is "What grid size should I use?"; the simple answer is that it is project dependent, however you can start most projects by thinking what grid size you would use in a traditional survey and halving it.
• By halving the grid size of a traditional field survey, you get more detail for the surface without overwhelming yourself with data, e.g., your traditional survey is normally collected at a 50ft/15m spacing, you can instead use 25ft/8m or even 15ft/5m for a more detailed surface with excellent results.
• Decrease the Grid Size to add more detail to your surface.
• If you set your grid size measurement below 10ft, ask yourself if that is necessary for your project and if you really need that much detail.
• It is often better to add more detail to the surface by using breaklines, boundaries, and manually placing points rather than solely relying on a smaller grid size.
• The smaller you make your grid size the larger your data set becomes, which can make it difficult to load your data into CAD, so be sure to find a good balance of data size and surface detail.
• You can always use any type of Point Grid (Rectangular, Triangular, Low-Pass, or Q-Points) over small subsets of your whole project, or even break your project into smaller areas using different point grid types.
• Use the Low-Pass Points in densely vegetated areas, Q-Points for bare earth terrain, and Rectangular/Triangular Point Grid types in the areas that they are best suited for.
• You can also create a hybrid point grid by combining two point grid types in the same boundary (e.g., Rectangular and Q-Points).
• A hybrid point grid allows you to create a lower density Rectangular grid while also having the benefit of a Q-Points grid to fill in the smaller details.