Project items are the building blocks of the Virtual Surveyor software and represents types of data that are used in the software. 


Project items are listed and grouped by layers in the project view where they can be selected. Most project items are displayed in the view port (except location) from where they can also be selected (except terrain modifier and terrain offset).


Every item has a descriptor and optionally a number which can be updated in the Structure group of the Home tab.


The list below gives an overview of the different project items that are available with Virtual Surveyor.


Project itemDescriptionSymbol
PointA geometry that has a location in geographic space, but that has no extent. A point is represented through a symbol, color and size. You draw points to describe the topography at bare-earth or to capture specific features like a manhole.Point icon
Multi-pointA set of Points. Multi-point items are typically created through a grid operation like Q-Points or Low-pass points. Multi-point items allow to easily manage very large sets of points as a single item.Multi-point icon
PolylineA geometry that consists of line segments that connect a series of geographic coordinates. A polyline is displayed with a color and a width. You draw breaklines to capture sudden changes in slopes like banks in quarries, road embankments, ...Polyline icon
BoundaryA geometry that is a closed polyline. A boundary is displayed with a color and a width and doesn't have a fill. A boundary confines a work area and is used as input in many operations like gridding, triangulation, stockpile calculation, cut/fill analysis, terrain export, ...Boundary icon
SurfaceA set of triangles that is used to describe the topography. Surfaces are displayed as triangles or contour lines and can contain holes. Surfaces are used as input for a volume calculation, a terrain modification or as a deliverable for your customer.Surface icon
StockpileRepresents a certain quantity of material and can be presented as a volume, tonnage and/or a monetary value. It has a single color that is linked to a material type. Stockpile items can be exported as a stockpile report in PDF format or as a text file.Stockpile icon
Cut/FillDisplays the elevation differences between two elevation models (terrain and/or surface) through a color representation and/or spot heights. This item also dispays the volume difference between the 2 elevation models split into a cut and a fill quantity.Cut-and-fill icon 
Image terrainTypically the orthophoto from your drone photogrammetry. Image terrains can also be a topographic map (thematic colors) or cadastral map (black/white colors). Image terrains are draped over the elevation terrain.Image terrain icon
Elevation terrainThe DSM (or DTM) from your drone photogrammetry. Also point cloud files from LiDAR drones are imported as elevation terrains. The elevation terrain is shown as a hillshade or augmented with the image terrain or other terrain lenses.Elevation terrain icon
WaterA plane at a certain elevation that is used to represent water. Water items can be clipped or intersected with the terrain. Water items are used to remove noise over water bodies and to calculate the fill volume for basins.Water icon
Terrain modifierA terrain modifier is created from an input surface and replaces the elevation terrain completely. You typically use a terrain modifier to remove machines and conveyors before calculating a volume difference between 2 terrains. Terrain modifier icon
Terrain offsetA terrain offset is created from an input boundary and changes the elevation with a certain value. The terrain offset is typically used when you have ellipsoidal elevation while you need mean sea level or a local elevation datum.Terrain offset icon
LocationA view position from which you observe your drone data. You typically find yourself at a certain geographic position, viewing the terrain at a certain angle with respect to the horizon and north.Location icon
MeasurementCaptures the specific characteristics of a certain part of your topography. A measurement is used to show the height for banks or structures or the steepness of slopes.Measurement icon